Nordic backcountry

When we moved to Montana a decade ago I knew a bit about groomed nordic skiing, and very little about in-area downhill skiing, and almost nothing about anything else.  It’s been quite the learning curve since, with the predominant question being not so much what gear and skills I need, but why there is so little gear and information aimed towards the skiing I want to do.

There are a number of good answers here.  Multiday winter travel is hard work, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous.  It gives insight into what the major North American wildernesses would look like in summer if maintenance of historic trails was not such a priority.  Backcountry alpine skiing fits with the cultures current attention span and preoccupation with visuals, as well as into short weekends.  And climate change is making good, skiable snowpack outside higher elevations an increasingly unreliable thing.

Despite all this I’ve sorted out the rig which works best for the trips which are my favorites, even if that equipment remains fraught with compromises.

Boots are the most important piece of gear, in winter and summer, and for backcountry nordic the hardest thing to figure out, and thus the best starting point.  Tech or three pin remain the only real choices.  Tech boots mean warmth and waterproofing, tech bindings mean free pivoting on the ascent, and functionally infinite downhill control.  The shortcoming is that I know of no one, not a single person, who has gotten through a longer nordic backcountry trip with tech boots and didn’t also have destroyed feet.  Consecutive long days is one factor here, but the larger issue seems to be the greater foot movement flat and rolling movement engenders, compared to the skin-up, ski down action for which the boots and bindings were designed.  I’ve been there, and had both the control on sketchy descents, and the feet still warm after being submerged in freezing temps, and the layers of blisters and bruising which tooks weeks to heal.  For the time being I’m taking flexible three pin boots, which have the additional benefit of being walkable during the bare stretches which are an increasing feature.

R0012958

Fishscales are, around here, mandatory in the backcountry.  Skins only is not a viable option, even if race-style, near full length mohairs are a fantastically versatile and obligatory part of any backcountry ski kit.  Skin glue failure under harsh conditions is guaranteed, and while kick wax is often effective, over variable snows and temperatures removal becomes a time suck at best, and a creeping liability at worst (kick wax does bad things to skin glue).

My favorite generation of skis are the older Fischer S-Bounds.  They have stout construction, full steel edges, and thick, hard, sintered bases.  The 169 Outtabounds Wax I picked up used years ago has been on many trips, and has gone from being mounted with three pins to tech race and back to three pins.  I finally bit the bullet the other night, discarding many ideas for jigs, and freehanded in negative fishscales with a dremel bit.

Even with flexible boots I’ll occasionally want to skin steep stuff with these skis, so I added heel plates and lowest heel lift Voile has ever made, which is still a bit too high for efficient striding.  To mitigate this, as well as reduce the increase in ramp angle, I put 2mm of stainless washers under each mountain screw.  More would have been ideal, but even with longer screws increasing the leverage was a durability gamble I did not want to take.

Speaking of mounting, failure is not an option I ever want to experience in the field.  Gorilla glue in the holes has proven solid over the years, while still being extractable (with abundant heat on the screw).  I add a generous ring of silicone around the head of the screw before final tightening to make sure water intrusion is never a factor.

Icing is a huge nuisance in the backcountry, and avoiding it can vastly increase efficiency.  I’ve finally started going full on with all my skis, applying clear protective tape to the binding face, the heal lift, and the entire surface of the ski between the too.  Combined with a sintered base and good glide wax application, this prevents almost all ice and snow build up.

Observant folks will have noted the dimensions of these skis (90, 70, 80 mm), along with the 169cm length.  The former is a nice balance for off track conditions, while being too wide to fit in groomed classic tracks.  Wider can be nice during heavy trail breaking, but I’ve rarely found myself wanting that, often to my surprise.  It’s enough sidecut to turn, without ever being hooky.  Most significantly, that length is far shorter than my weight (easily approaching 200 pound with gear and a pack for 4 days) would ever suggest.  Longer skis are faster is straightforward conditions, which I don’t see all that often, as well as provide more float, again, for mid elevation routes often not much of a factor.  What I do value is the manuverability and ease of carrying provided by a ski no taller than my chin.  Advice which might not apply to other conditions, granted.

For broader thought, my Oversnow travel overview from a few years ago is a good place to look.

8 responses to “Nordic backcountry”

  1. I have a new complaint about the 3 pins. Entering and exiting so much wore out the holes in front so my boot no longer remains in the binding. Now I have to get them resoled. I still am miles better than dealing with the dreading plastic boots of foot doom…

    1. Jack, what about installing smile plates on your boots instead of resoling?

      1. Did not know about these. Just ordered some. Thanks, Greg!

        1. Smile plates are handy, but they accelerate the deformation and eventual wearing out of the pins on your bindings. At least those are cheaper to replace than boots. Duckbills are a logical system, but pins stand to be improved upon.

  2. […] binding screw which had almost entirely backed out.  My thought first went to the irony of having written on just such a subject the day before, then to the question of what horrid glue I had used to mount […]

  3. justinbaker8484 Avatar
    justinbaker8484

    Hey Dave, have you found plastic tele boots to be easier on your feet on long trips than plastic at boots? I’m new to skiing but my feet are so much happer in tele boots. I think it’s due to the forefoot flex and because even the heavy downhill tele boots are made from a softer plastic. Also I find that a roomier touring fit in a tele boot doesn’t compromise downhill performance nearly as much as an at boots. Curious if you had any thoughts on that.

    1. I agree completely. Get the heel sorted in old blue T2s or the like and happy feet come fairly easily.

      1. justinbaker8484 Avatar
        justinbaker8484

        Have you tried the scarpa t4’s (previously called the t3’s)? They are a low cuff, soft plastic boot. They fit a niche somewhere in between a leather boot and a hard plastic boot. They tour much better than the big tele boots, give me enough confidence turning in soft snow, and they are the only plastic ski boot I’ve ever worn that doesn’t give me sore feet. The overall design is a bit flawed and needs improvement, but I’m convinced that a soft plastic tele boot is the best overall boot for wilderness travel.

        Scarpa is supposed to be coming out with new, much lighter NTN boots in the 23/24 season and there are rumors of a backcountry/cross country boot. An updated/improved t4 with pin bindings, duck-butt attachment for ski mode, and a binding with low resistance for smooth low speed turns might be the best thing yet.

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